Grade 1 Curriculum

Number Core

  • 1. Representing 1-digit numbers.
  • 2. Comparison of 1-digit numbers.
  • 3. Addition of 1-digit numbers.
  • 4. Word Problems on Addition (1-digit numbers).
  • 5. Subtracting 1-digit numbers from 1-digit numbers.
  • 6. Word Problems on Subtraction (1-digit numbers).
  • 7. Number bonds of 10.


  • 1. Comparing length directly using aligning endpoints.
  • 2. Comparing length indirectly using the vocabulary: objects longer than, shorter than, and equal in length to that of a string.
  • 3. Ordering three lengths using direct and indirect comparisons.
  • 4. Identifying the need to use the consistent and same units for comparing different measurements.
  • 5. Representing the lengths of objects in standard units.


  • 1. Estimating and comparing using informal vocabulary: pour, fill, full, empty, holds more, less or the same amount as a given container.
  • 2. Using appropriate non-standard measuring units for estimating the volume.
  • 3. Discussing the need for standard units.
  • 4. Estimating and measuring capacity using standard units. (the litre)


  • 1. Getting familiar with the days of the week and months of the year.
  • 2. Sequencing of the events occurring over longer periods in terms of dates/days.
  • 3. Reading day, date and month using a calendar.
  • 4. Identifying from the calendar, the day of the week on which a given date occurs.
  • 5. Constructing a paper clock by partitioning a circle and telling time in hours.
  • 6. Recognizing halves within a circular clock face and telling time to the half-hour.

Numbers and Place Value

  • 1. Identifying and Representing 2-digit numbers using ones and tens.
  • 2. Expanded form of 2-digit numbers.
  • 3. Comparing up to 2-digit numbers based on meanings of ones and tens digits, using the symbols >, < and =.

Number Relations and Patterns

  • 1. Using concrete materials 0–20 to find all the addition combinations to form a given number.
  • 2. Identifying 10 more, 10 less, 1 more, and 1 less than a two-digit number.
  • 3. Identifying even and odd numbers.
  • 4. Doing skip counts by 1s, 5s, 10s and 100s.


  • 1. Estimating and comparing weight using informal vocabulary: heavy, heavier, heaviest; light, lighter, lightest.
  • 2. Using appropriate non-standard measuring units and instruments which are best for weighing various objects.
  • 3. Discussing the need for standard units.
  • 4. Estimating, measuring and recording weight using standard units. (the kilogram).

Shapes and Spatial Understanding

  • 1. Identifying the objects which roll and slide.
  • 2. Creating a composite shape from 2D shapes and describing the composite shape using shape names and positions.
  • 3. Creating a composite shape from 3D shapes and describing the composite shape using shape names and positions.
  • 4. Exploring the relationship between 2D and 3D shapes.
  • 5. Naming and counting shapes as parts of a whole, recognizing relative sizes of the parts.
  • 6. Partitioning shapes and identifying the concept of halves and quarters of circles and rectangles.

Modelling Data

  • 1. Collecting, sorting, and organizing data.
  • 2. Asking and answering questions about the number of data points.

Numbers and Counting

  • 1. Counting to 20 using number names.
  • 2. Counting forward and backwards (0-100).
  • 3. Counting in 1s, and 10s.

Addition and Subtraction

  • 1. Calculating sums and differences to 10 using number bonds with the help of number cards, number frames, dot cards, Cuisenaire strips and numerals.
  • 2. Number Bonds of 100 (in tens).
  • 3. Adding tens to a 2-digit number.
  • 4. Finding sums and differences by decomposing and composing teen numbers.
  • 5. Applying the commutative, associative and zero properties of addition to write addition sentences.
  • 6. Writing and interpreting two-digit numbers as addition sentences that combine tens and ones.
  • 7. Solving story sums on addition using contextualized stories.
  • 8. Counting on using addition to find the missing addend.
  • 9. Using the arrow method to reach numbers up to 100.
  • 10. Adding 2-digit with 1-digit numbers. (without and with regrouping).
  • 11. Adding 2-digit with 2-digit numbers (without regrouping).
  • 12. Identifying subtraction as inverse of addition.
  • 13. Subtracting tens from a 2-digit number.
  • 14. Subtracting 1-digit from 2-digit numbers. (without and with regrouping).
  • 15. Subtracting 2-digit with 2-digit number (without regrouping).
  • 16. Solving story sums on subtraction using contextualized stories.
  • 17. Solving word problems based on the comparison of numbers.


  • 1. Identifying Indian currency by their image, name and value.
  • 2. Decomposing the values of coins and notes.
  • 3. Exchanging of coins and notes to up to ₹100.
  • 4. Using coins and notes as representations of numbers to 100.
  • 5. Solving practical tasks and problems using money which items can be bought with given money?