Grade 2 Curriculum

Numbers Core

  • 1. Representation of 3-digit numbers using blocks.
  • 2. Counting in 1s and 10s (2-digit numbers).
  • 3. Counting in 100s.
  • 4. Counting 1-200 using number names.

Addition and Subtraction

  • 1. Adding and subtracting within 20 using various mental strategies.
  • 2. Writing basic addition facts and related subtraction facts for numbers up to 20.
  • 3. Applying the arrow method to reach numbers up to 500.
  • 4. Adding up to 2-digit numbers (without and with regrouping) using the column method.
  • 5. Subtracting up to 2-digit numbers (without and with regrouping) using the column method.
  • 6. Finding sums and differences using the number line.
  • 7. Applying commutativity and associativity to solve addition and subtraction problems.
  • 8. Solving multi-step addition and subtraction word problems.
  • 9. Solving word problems based on addition and subtraction.
  • 10. Solving multi-step word problems.
  • 11. Creating a story for a given addition/subtraction problem.


  • 1. Estimating and comparing the capacity of containers using non-standard units.
  • 2. Measuring and recording the comparative capacity of two containers by sight.
  • 3. Using the same unit to arrange the containers in their order of capacity.
  • 4. Selecting and using appropriate non-standard measuring units and instruments.
  • 5. Estimating, measuring and recording capacity using litre, half-litre and quarter-litre.
  • 6. Solving simple problems based on capacity.


  • 1. Using the vocabulary of time to sequence events.
  • 2. Constructing a paper clock by partitioning a circle into halves and quarters.
  • 3. Telling time to the half-hour or quarter-hour.
  • 4. Relating A.M. and P.M. to time of day.
  • 5. Reading day, date and month using calendar and identifying the season by using the concept of the passing of time.
  • 6. Solving elapsed time problems involving whole hours and a half-hour.

Data Modelling and Representation

  • 1. Sorting and recording data into a table using up to four categories.
  • 2. Reading and interpreting simple tables and charts (pictograms).
  • 3. Reading and interpreting simple block graphs.
  • 4. Relating the counting scale to the number line.

Numbers and Place Value

  • 1. Identifying and representing 3-digit numbers according to hundreds, tens and ones (1-999).
  • 2. Place and Place value of 3-digit numbers.
  • 3. Representing numbers up to 999 in expanded and standard forms.
  • 4. Building numbers up to 3-digit numbers using ones, tens and hundreds.

Multiplication and Division

  • 1. Determining even and odd numbers by making equal groups of two.
  • 2. Using representations like equal-sized groups, arrays, area models and equal jumps on the number line to understand multiplication as repeated addition.
  • 3. Expressing repeated addition statements as multiplication statements.
  • 4. Expressing a multiplication statement pictorially.
  • 5. Using representations like equal-sized groups, arrays, area models, partitioning and equal jumps on the number line to understand division as the inverse of multiplication.
  • 6. Writing multiplication and division facts.
  • 7. Multiplying 1-digit by 1-digit numbers.
  • 8. Using commutativity and associativity of addition to solve multiplication problems.


  • 1. Estimating and comparing weight using non-standard units.
  • 2. Measuring and recording weight using non-standard units.
  • 3. Identifying appropriate standard measuring units and instruments.
  • 4. Estimating, measuring and recording weight using kilogram, a half kilogram and quarter kilogram.
  • 5. Comparing weights using standard units.
  • 6. Solving simple problems based on weight.


  • 1. Identifying line symmetry in shapes and in the environment.
  • 2. Folding shapes in half and complete shapes or pictures symmetrically.
  • 3. Collecting and sorting objects on the basis of symmetry.


  • 1. Counting the total value of ₹1, ₹10, and ₹100 to ₹999.
  • 2. Representing up to ₹999 on the place value chart.
  • 3. Using the least number of coins to make a given value.
  • 4. Solving word problems involving different combinations of coins with the same total value.

Number Relations

  • 1. Skip counts by 1s, 2s, 5s, 10s, 20s.
  • 2. Representing numbers up to 100 on the number line.
  • 3. Identifying number patterns.
  • 4. Number bonds of 100.
  • 5. Comparing 2-digit numbers.
  • 6. Ordering 2-digit numbers in increasing and decreasing orders.
  • 7. Identifying one more than and one less than of numbers up to 999.
  • 8. Recognizing the successor and predecessor of a number up to 999.
  • 9. Comparing 3-digit numbers using the symbols >, < and =.


  • 1. Identifying halves and quarters of sets to 20.
  • 2. Discussing the relationship between a half and a quarter, halves, quarters and a whole.


  • 1. Identifying the attribute of length in various situations like a horizontal line, straight line, slanting lines, curved lines, etc.
  • 2. Expressing the length of an object as a whole number of length units, by laying multiple copies of a shorter object (the length unit) end to end and then by using standard units.
  • 3. Measuring the length of objects using centimetre rulers and metre sticks.
  • 4. Comparing the lengths of two objects indirectly by using a third object and by using standard units.
  • 5. Estimating and measuring the length of objects using standard units.
  • 6. Measure and compare lengths using centimetres and metres.
  • 7. Solve addition and subtraction problems using the number line (ruler).


  • 1. Distinguishing between defining attributes (e.g., triangles are closed and three-sided) versus non-defining attributes (e.g., colour, orientation, overall size)of different shapes: triangles, circles, squares and rectangles.
  • 2. Building and drawing 2D and 3D shapes to show defining attributes.
  • 3. Composing 2D shapes (rectangles, squares, triangles, and circles) to create a composite shape and compose new shapes from the composite shapes.
  • 4. Relating the 2D shapes to 3D shapes.
  • 5. Composing 3D shapes to create a composite shape and compose new shapes from the composite shapes.
  • 6. Partitioning circles and rectangles into two and four equal shares.
  • 7. Describing the shares using the words halves, fourths, and quarters, and use the phrases half of, fourth of, and quarter of.
  • 8. Describing the whole as two of, or four of the shares to understand that decomposing shapes into more equal shares creates smaller shares.